Ollivier, Émile

   political figure
   Born in Marseille, Émile Ollivier was an attorney before being elected a deputy to the Legislative Corps (1857) where he joined jules favre and others in forming a republican opposition to the regime of napoléon ш. The increasing liberalization of the regime, however, caused him eventually to support the imperial government of the second empire. A founder of the Third Party (1863), he took a position against the authoritarian policies of eugène rouher and, after the latter's resignation in 1869, Ollivier was charged by Napoléon III to form a new government (January 1870). He was himself named chief of the ministries of justice and of cults. The attempt to establish a parliamentary regime could not, however, save the Empire, despite the favorable plebiscite of May 8, 1870. Also, the Victor Noir affair, a scandal resulting from the murder of journalist Victor Noir by a relative of Napoléon III; the growth of labor unrest; and the deterioration of relations with Prussia all precipitated the government's fall. After the declaration of war with Prussia (July 1870) that he reluctantly voted for, and after the first defeats of the French army by the Prussians (see franco-prussian war), Ollivier immigrated to Italy, where he remained until 1873. He left a number of writings on the Second Empire (Le Ministère du 2 janvier, 1875; L'Empire libéral, 1894-1902). Ollivier was elected to the académie FRANÇAISE in 1870.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Ollivier, Émile — ▪ French statesman Ollivier also spelled  Olivier   born July 2, 1825, Marseille, France died Aug. 20, 1913, Saint Gervais les Bains  French statesman, writer, and orator who, as minister of justice under Napoleon III, authored an abortive plan… …   Universalium

  • OLLIVIER, ÉMILE —    French statesman, born at Marseilles; bred for the bar, and eminent at it; became Prime Minister under Louis Napoleon in 1870; precipitated with a light heart the country into a war with Germany, to his own overthrow; retired thereafter to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Emile Ollivier (1825-1913) — Émile Ollivier (homme politique) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Émile Ollivier. Émile Ollivier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Émile Ollivier — 30th Prime Minister of France In office 27 December 1869 – 9 August 1870 Preceded by Person …   Wikipedia

  • OLLIVIER (É.) — OLLIVIER ÉMILE (1825 1913) Comme son adversaire Adolphe Thiers, Émile Ollivier est né à Marseille. Grandi dans un milieu républicain (son père a protégé Mazzini réfugié à Marseille), il est, tout jeune, commissaire de la République dans les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Emile Ollivier (1940-2002) — Émile Ollivier (écrivain) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Émile Ollivier. Émile Ollivier est un écrivain d origine haitienne né le 19 février 1940 à Port au Prince. Il est décédé le 10 novembre 2002 à Montréal alors qu il achève son dernier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Émile Ollivier (homme politique) — Pour l’écrivain québécois, voir Émile Ollivier (écrivain). Pour les autres personnes portant ce patronyme, voir Ollivier. Émile Ollivier Émile Ollivier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emile Ollivier — Porträt Émile Olliviers, gestochen von Richard Brend amour Olivier Émile Ollivier (* 2. Juli 1825 in Marseille; † 20. August 1913 in Saint Gervais les Bains) war ein französischer Politiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Émile Ollivier (écrivain) — Pour l’homme politique, voir Émile Ollivier (homme politique). Pour les autres personnes portant ce patronyme, voir Ollivier. Émile Ollivier est un écrivain d’origine haitienne né le 19 février 1940 à Port au Prince. Il est décédé le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ollivier — is a surname, and may refer to: Patronym Albert Ollivier (1915 1964), historian, writer, journalist, politician and résistant Alain Ollivier, French director Benjamin Ollivier (1980 ), French rugby union player Brice Ollivier (1982 ), French ping …   Wikipedia

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